Ceramic flooring, the star coating of professional premises, is now on the rise in homes because it is suitable for all rooms, even the most humid, and depending on its category, it can also be installed outside. . Whether it is polyurethane or epoxy, it is available in a wide range of colors and each type of ceramic floor has its specificities. To get a perfect result, it is better to have it installed by a pro. This is an expense that must be taken into account at the time of purchase.
The different categories of ceramics for flooring
Resin is a synthetic polymer product that is used in the composition of many materials such as varnishes, fabrics, plastics. It is also used to manufacture contemporary floor coverings that are found in both the professional and private sectors. In case of ceramic coating all these elements are important.
Resin flooring for indoors
Colorants and a hardener are added to the ceramic. The ceramics used to dress interior floors are:
- The polyurethane ceramic, a urethane polymer are added various monomers in order to obtain a final product more or less hard and which comes in many textures.
- Epoxy ceramic, an epoxy polymer.
- These ceramics are marketed either in rolls or in liquid form and once spread on the floor, they harden during the drying phase because they contain a hardener.
Resin flooring for outdoors
In order to improve the aesthetic appearance of the outdoor terrace, the perimeter of the swimming pool or the driveway, it is also possible to use a coating composed of a natural stone and a ceramic: marble aggregate.
Advantages and disadvantages of ceramic floors
Polyurethane ceramic and epoxy ceramic have many points in common, and if they are so popular it is because they have more advantages than disadvantages.
Disadvantages of polyurethane ceramic
Not all categories of polyurethane ceramic are suitable for outdoor use. To be able to resist UV rays, and therefore to be placed outside, the polyurethane ceramic must contain an aliphatic component, that is to say a non-aromatic fatty substance. The others can however be used in a veranda, patio or covered terrace.
- It must be applied in a non-humid environment so that the hardener it contains can dry under the best conditions without making bubbles. In addition, a polyurethane ceramic placed in a humid place may come off.
- Unlike epoxy ceramic, polyurethane ceramic is not suitable for heating floors or even for an environment exposed to large temperature variations because it cannot withstand them.
Compared to an epoxy ceramic, it offers less adhesion and, aesthetically, polyurethane ceramic is less shiny. To overcome this drawback, an aromatic component can be added to the polyurethane ceramic, but the latter will tend to yellow with time.